In the UAE, Polish archaeologists working in the southern Persian Gulf on the territory of modern Dubai emirate discovered a 3,000-year-old workshop in which ancient craftsmen smelted metals and made tools from ceramic waste.
Science in Poland talks about the discovery. Polish scientists believe that metallurgists used recycling 3,000 years ago. This is indicated by products found during excavations in the desert town of Sarug El Hadid.
“This is a very interesting fact – several thousand years ago, the inhabitants of this area carried out waste processing,” says project manager Dr. Karol Yukhnevich. “Broken ceramic vessels were not thrown away, but only slightly modified and used as tools.”
It was also found that these tools were made only of ceramics made from one specific type of clay. During the excavation of the “processing plant”, researchers also found about 2,600 metal objects.
“We found weapons, jewelry, jewelry, religious and magical objects, such as figurines of snakes,” says Dr. Yukhnevich. “Most of them were probably made about 3000 years ago. But we found that metallurgical activity was carried out in this place. and 1000 years ago. ”
Interestingly, the ancient “metallurgical center” was opened back in 2002, and the ruler of Dubai, Sheikh Mohammad bin Rashid Al-Maktoum, did so. The discovery he made during a helicopter flight over the sand dunes in the desert of Rub al-Khali.
The sheikh noticed that the dunes have an unusual orientation, and between them there are many black stones. He informed scientists about his observations. A study of a strange place showed that black stones were slag, a by-product of the metal smelting process.
Further excavations showed that the metals in this place melted in huge volumes. Scientists believe that at the heyday of the “metallurgical center” this place looked completely different. There was probably an oasis with lots of trees and lakes.
“This is the only explanation for the location of the furnaces for metal production in a place that today is an endless desert,” Yukhnevich said.