The Russian economy is expected to increase prices for dairy products, meat and fish, groceries and bakery products by almost 10%, as well as a large-scale increase in the volume of food and paper waste after the ban on polymer packaging, Kommersant reports citing
research by scientists of the Higher School of Public Administration (HSHA) of Moscow State University M.V. Lomonosov.
The ban on packages from the checkout area will not give unambiguous positive results: the implementation of this scenario may reduce the amount of polymer packaging waste by 2024, but will lead to a serious increase in paper waste (by 1.15 million tons the next year after the ban was introduced).
According to market participants, the annual turnover of plastic bags is about 167 thousand tons, about 83 billion pieces, the study says, “thus, the number of paper bags that need to be additionally brought to the market is about 28 billion pieces per year (if a third replace with paper counterparts). ”
The share of food waste in the composition of MSW now reaches 28% (from 17 million to 19 million tons per year). In the case of the introduction of a complete ban on plastic packaging, according to the Higher School of Civil Aviation, this share may increase significantly (by up to 17% of the existing volume).
At the same time, researchers predict an increase in prices for basic food products (dairy products, meat and fish, dried fruits, groceries and bakery products) by 9.5%.
The report explains that the proportion of flexible polymer packaging in the weight of packaged products is 0.5–3%. For cardboard packaging, this indicator can be 3–15%, and for glass containers – up to 40–50%.
VSHGA proposes not to refuse plastic packaging, but to control its use: introduce requirements for the minimum content of recyclables, as well as gradually increase the recycling rate to 100%.
The Ministry of Natural Resources, the Ministry of Industry and Trade and Rospotrebnadzor support the idea of phasing out and phasing out certain types of disposable and difficult to process goods, containers and packaging, but not through prohibitions.
Earlier it was reported that the Ministry of Natural Resources plans to oblige manufacturers and importers of all types of packaging, oils and batteries to process 100% of the products sold from next year.