When you take out the garbage, you most likely guess that in the end it ends up in a landfill – a special place where it will be stored for many, many years, until it rot (much, however, never rot). Perhaps you even imagine a landfill – a large field covered with garbage. It may even be very large. However, the Latvian city dumps that your garbage falls on are literally nothing in front of real monsters located in different parts of the world.
1. Great Pacific Garbage Patch
Technically, it is difficult to call it a “landfill” – if by landfill we mean a waste storage site specially organized by people. A large Pacific garbage patch formed spontaneously from waste that is dumped from the decks of ships and carried into the ocean from the shores of North America and Asia.
The problem with this pile of garbage, which is located in the northern part of the Pacific Ocean, is that it is constantly increasing. Today, no one knows exactly the scale of the problem, according to various estimates, the area of the garbage can can be up to 15 million square kilometers, and the volume – up to 100 million tons, which is about 20 times larger than the largest official landfills on the planet.
The toxins released by this decaying waste are dangerous to both humans and animals. However, people regularly float to this spot (it is located near the Hawaiian Islands), for whom the search for something valuable on this truly world-wide dump, is the only source of income.
Mexico City is one of the most populated metropolitan areas of the planet and it is logical that one of the largest landfills in the world is located in the vicinity of this particular city. Every day, hundreds of garbage trucks are dumped in one place about 12 thousand tons of garbage. Dump completely filled in 2013
The Apex Regional dump in the Las Vegas area, although it contains about 5 million tons of garbage, is not the largest in the United States. But she – the largest by the amount of garbage that enters it every day. The “Sin City” and the surrounding towns have a lot of fun – 10.5 thousand tons of garbage is brought to the dump every day, most of which are solid household waste.
The Puente Hills dump in California, in contrast to its immediate “competitor” Apex Regional, is considered the largest dump in the United States. For example, for the whole of 2005, the landfill “took” four million tons of waste. At the end of 2013, the amount of waste delivered to it exceeded the limit and the dump was closed. The highest peak of the landfill is 150 meters, and the total area is almost 700 acres.
The surroundings of the city of Lagos in Nigeria are all one large landfill. Only the official city landfill receives 9 thousand tons of waste every day, but at the same time 500 sea containers arrive in the city’s port every month with their own electronics, which are brought to natural dumps around the city. Electronic waste is prohibited for storage in ordinary landfills around the world, as it is very toxic. But the Lagos authorities do not care much about this problem – they either cannot or do not want to do anything with the illegal business.
At the same time, traders most often label such goods as second-hand goods or humanitarian aid, but in reality all this electronics is sent straight to its electronic hell, where local residents are trying to find something useful in it, and are trying to burn out completely faulty devices. non-ferrous metals. The fact that while in the air gets a huge amount of toxins, all, of course, do not care.
The São João Dump is located in the vicinity of Sao Paulo. It reached its maximum of 25 million tons of waste back in 2007. Since then, around it have been specially erected a lot of factories, which are only engaged in the fact that they process a huge amount of methane into electricity – the most in the world.
Hong Kong is located on a very limited space and trash for the city is a problem. In its vicinity there are a total of 16 landfills, but only three of them are operating, located in New Territories. It is believed that at least two of them will reach the maximum of the accepted waste already this year.
This is probably the largest landfill in the territory of the European Union, which for many years served as a place for waste that was brought here from Rome. However, in 2013, it turned out that Malagrotta had violated European laws for many years and generally had to close in 2007. Finally, a landfill of 250 hectares in size was closed in October 2013 and since then Rome has experienced enormous difficulties with the removal and disposal of garbage.
The largest landfill in Central America receives only 500 tons of garbage per day — the rest of Guatemala’s residents prefer to scatter from their homes, and not much garbage is generated in the poorest countries. In general, everything that can be thrown out is brought to this dump, and therefore it represents a serious threat to the health of thousands of people who live right on its border. And the source of income, too – most of them are digging in the trash every day, trying to find something more or less valuable.