The State Duma adopted in the second reading amendments that include the concept of “waste disposal” energy recovery or burning of garbage, but it is forbidden to burn it before extracting useful fractions from it – paper, plastic and organics.
By the second reading, Senator Alexei Mayorov introduced a number of amendments to the bill. He proposed to prohibit the energy utilization of waste until the extraction of useful fractions from them.
“This is a very important point, since it is about energy recovery, which results in either thermal or electric energy, and a special reservation is made that before that useful fractions should be extracted from the waste, they must be processed and only the remaining so-called “tails” can be subjected to energy utilization, ”Vladimir Burmatov, chairman of the State Duma’s Duma Ecology Committee, explained the essence of the amendments.
According to him, another novelty is that energy utilization capacities will have to undergo an environmental review so that citizens do not have questions about their environmental friendliness.
“Prior to this, the government suggested that we simply equate burning to disposal, but we could not agree to this,” the deputy said.
In accordance with the bill, the state will regulate energy utilization tariffs. When establishing a single tariff for the services of a regional operator, it is proposed to take into account its energy utilization costs.
Minister of Nature Dmitry Kobylkin said that these amendments actually limit the burning of those fractions that can be recycled, and called this a key point.
“If we want to continue to engage in the burial of the so-called“ tails ”, (…) then we will plant a“ bomb ”for future generations that they will encounter sooner or later, it may be a bitter pill, but we must take it” – he emphasized.
The adopted bill also adjusts the direction of spending funds received in the federal budget from the collection of environmental fees. Now these funds are spent through state programs in the form of subsidies to the regions. It is proposed to provide these funds in the manner and on the terms established by the government.
Burmatov called the current system of distribution of environmental payments ineffective: “They are going to get insignificantly – 3.5 billion rubles from all manufacturers and importers last year. This is dust throughout the whole country.”
The adopted bill will give Rosprirodnadzor the authority to inspect manufacturers of goods, importers of goods for the reliability of their reporting on compliance with disposal standards.
“Yes, these are important amendments, yes, this process bothers us all, but this issue needs to be considered as a separate bill, with an assessment of the regulatory impact, with parliamentary hearings, you can’t pass such laws at once, skipping the entire discussion process,” the committee’s first deputy chairman noted economic policy Valery Hartung.
“A single federal scheme (waste management. – IF.) Is very important for us, if we do not have a single federal scheme, we will not be able to finance, co-finance and help our re-cooperators to solve issues with the creation of a new infrastructure. To go along this path in a civilized manner, evolutionarily. If we don’t do this, it means that we will overwhelm this reform and that’s all, “the minister said, adding that all expert sites were heard.
“The amendments changed the strategy that we were voiced in the framework of the Ecology national project and the reform (handling MSW. – IF.) That is taking place in the country today. They deceived almost all the investors in the form of regional operators who entered this business today” , – noted the deputy chairman of the committee on ecology, deputy Kirill Cherkasov (LDPR). “Initially, you and I promised that people would pay reasonable money for garbage to be collected in beautiful containers, sorted and sent down the chain. Today, our colleagues tell us that garbage can be burned and this will be tantamount to recycling, but let’s from there we’ll extract three main fractions: organic, paper and plastic. We are changing the reform strategy, “the deputy said, noting that the payback of projects with this approach will be achieved by 2050-2055.
If adopted, the law will enter into force on January 1, 2020.